MAN Truck & Bus

Charging stations

The design of charging stations used to recharge electric vehicles is often based on the classic filling pumps at fuel stations. That’s one reason why they’re also referred to as charging stations.

Charging stations are generally connected to the electricity grid and have one or more connection points to enable battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles to be charged. These can be socket outlets – in which case the charging cable has to be carried in the vehicle – or cables with connectors that are attached to the charging station. The most common types in the EU are Type 2 connectors for charging using alternating and three-phase current, those according to the Combined Charging System (CCS connectors) for charging using direct current and the Combo 1 and Combo 2 connector versions.

Just like mobile phones or other battery-powered devices, batteries in electric vehicles can only be charged using direct current. They therefore need a charger that converts the alternating current (230 volts) or three-phase current (400 volts) from the electricity grid into direct current. Chargers installed within vehicles have a limited charging capacity and therefore require longer charging times. Many charging stations, however, are equipped with high-performance chargers. These achieve very high charging capacities and are therefore suitable for rapid charging and for larger batteries, such as those deployed in the MAN Lion’s City E electric bus or in the eTGM e-truck.