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Spotlight on autonomous driving

To this day, not a single nation or region of the world has been successful in creating a comprehensive legal framework for autonomous driving. Germany is taking the fist step and leading the way by creating a framework for placing autonomous systems on the market (type approval) and operating them (compliance with traffic regulations) in specific operational areas in regular operation.

Graphic "metropolitan regions, motorway network"
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Autonomous driving is an opportunity for Germany, as an industrial player, to take on an international leadership role in the field of digital transformation.

Autonomous driving opens up new vistas for society and the economy: Logistics compa- nies, industrial and commercial customers, not to mention citizens can benefit from safer, more efficient and more environmentally friendly transportation of heavy goods.

Commercial vehicles that travel between central hubs in Germany are the ideal use case for this next generation technology: They travel on federal motorways and A-roads, mainly outside cities, and link major logistics hubs along the federal motorways in one of the most modern examples of transport infrastructure in the world.

CREATING PLANNING CERTAINTY

For manufacturers, the development of autonomous commercial vehicles requires signifi- cant investment. Therefore, from a political point of view, it is crucial that we strive for a holistic solution that taps into the potential of all deployment scenarios (in long-haul goods transport and combined transport), creates efficient procedures and homogeneous standards for approval across federal states, and facilitates a commercial trial operation that will accelerate the development phase and involve all market participants at an early stage.

Graphic on the topic "Levels of action for autonomous driving"

The road to logistics 4.0

Autonomous commercial vehicles provide solutions to some of the most pressing challenges in road haulage. They minimise risks and optimise benefits.

The digital future of logistics is coming into view. Terminal 4.0 is already a reality, now driverless commercial vehicles are paving the way to logistics 4.0. So-called hub-to-hub transportation facilitates autonomous transport of goods on federal motorways and A-roads, between important logistics hubs.

MAINTAINING INDUSTRIAL VALUE CREATION

Traffic routes and vehicles can be used more efficiently. The human driver is relieved of their driving duties, thus eliminating a risk factor. This enables market participants to better address real-world challenges such as the growing shortage of drivers, tight deliv- ery windows and rising traffic volumes. A tightly meshed, networked and fully digitalised logistics landscape spans all industrial sectors via important roadways and hubs. A loca- tional advantage for Germany.

The prerequisite for this: The future technology autonomous driving needs to be applica- ble in different environmental conditions. Focussing on individual transport areas or vehic- le categories would lead to serious limitations and become a barrier to market take-up.

MAN on its way to autonomous driving: MAN has been carrying out extensive development work for many years now, in projects such as platooning or driverless transportation at depots and terminals.

Grafik "Renowned institutes predict a drop in operating costs of around 47% and an increase in availability of up to 78% for autonomous trucks"

TECHNICAL COMPONENTS OF THE AUTONOMOUS COMMERCIAL VEHICLES


PROSPECTS FOR COMBINED TRANSPORT

Intermodal transport can also be managed more flexibly and efficiently with consistent automation. In the near future, it will not only be driverless commercial vehicles that are transporting goods throughout Germany: Other modes of transport have their sights firm- ly set on autonomous driving as well.

Graphic on the topic "The field of view of sensor technology"

Clear regulatory framework and quick processes

From the point of view of vehicle manufacturers and transport companies, clear chains of responsibility are required for the approval procedure and operating per- mits. All market participants need uniform standards and efficient procedures that are applicable throughout Germany.

SUPRAREGIONAL REGULATIONS

The operational ranges of commercial vehicles are not based on the borderlines of mu- nicipalities or federal states. If autonomous commercial vehicles are to make a significant impact on transport logistics, clear standards and efficient processes are required for supraregional approval of operational areas. This reduces the degree of organisational effort for manufacturers and users, but also for public administration.

COMMERCIAL TRIAL OPERATION

As the vehicles and applications are still undergoing development, extensive testing is required. In addition to simulating different operational and traffic scenarios, the genera- tion of valuable data from real traffic events is also essential. This should involve a large number of test kilometres, corresponding energy consumption and emissions. It makes sense from both an economic and an ecological point of view to enable commercial trial operation with real-life goods transport right from the outset.

TECHNICAL SUPERVISORS

Technical supervision is established in the form of a control centre, which can intervene if the autonomous commercial vehicle’s system issues a particular warning and enable alternative driving manoeuvres or suggest alternative driving manoeuvres. In principle, high requirement profiles pertaining to the technical supervisors, as set out in the draft law, should be welcomed. But they should not be too ambitious, especially in view of the shortage of skilled workers.

Example: The plan for technical supervisors is to hold a valid CE driving licence and a technical degree. This may make sense in the market launch phase, but it should be amended during the evaluation of the regulations in 2023, as provided for in the draft law.

Intended Solution

 

0 Step

Technical vehicle approval at federal level (Federal Office for Motor Vehicles) or by way of §19.6 Road Traffic Licening Regulations for the development process (federal state level).


 

0 Step

1 point of contact for the operator at federal state level from starting point to destination, especially in the case f operational areas spanning more than one federal state.


 

Green light in only 2 steps

 

Graphic on the topic of "Digital Infrastructure"

International regulation

As an industrial and export nation, Germany has a strong interest in establishing an internationally consistent regulatory framework. The national legal framework for autonomous driving can become a blueprint – for the EU and worldwide.

Only autonomously driving commercial vehicles will make fully automated supply chains possible. Germany is in an ideal position to set important standards for this promising technology – from the vehicle industry to transport infrastructure and the qualification of skilled workers.

At MAN, we are making our contribution by continuously working on the further develop- ment of our vehicles and focussing all of our innovative capacity on bringing pioneering new technologies to market maturity. This benefits not only customers and users, but the public in general.

Policymakers must now set the course to harness the outstanding potential of this future technology for Germany.

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