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#eMobility

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Electric and clean: e-vehicles are claiming the streets. This applies equally to private cars as it does to passenger and distribution transport. More and more companies are converting their fleets to e-buses, e-trucks and e-vans. Because electric drives are paying off in the long term due to their particular eco-friendliness and cost-effectiveness. We provide an overview of the opportunities and challenges of e-mobility.

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Vision 2030: how is e-mobility changing road traffic?

E-trucks and e-vans hum cleanly and quietly through the streets to deliver goods. Around half of public transport fleets are already deploying electric buses. Electric drives in company vehicles have long been considered good etiquette. Millions of private households have converted to e-cars. There is a comprehensive network of charging stations stretching across the whole of Europe to provide low-priced green electricity. This scenario is the objective set by European climate and transport policy for 2030. The traffic transformation is being advanced by political institutions, commercial enterprises and also by private vehicle users. E-mobility plays a key role in the general changeover to clean transport. Unlike other alternative drive systems, such as natural gas engines that still emit a certain amount of harmful exhaust gases, commercial e-vehicles and battery-powered passenger cars emit absolutely no local emissions.

Authorities within the European Union are prioritising e-mobility. They are granting subsidies to support the acquisition of e-vehicles and the installation of charging infrastructures. Charges are in contrast being applied to CO2 emissions. These impositions serve the so-called two-degree target of international climate policy: the aim is to limit global warming that is harmful to the environment – in particular by reducing exhaust gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect. Germany, for example, sets economic quotas for eco-friendly means of transport: e-trucks are expected to account for one-third of journeys in the transport sector by 2030. By then, 50 percent of transport companies' urban fleets should consist of e-buses.

The European Parliament adopted the Clean Vehicles Directive to issue similar requirements regarding the acquisition of heavy commercial vehicles by public companies. They apply to passenger transport, waste disposal, postal services and other transport services. Commercial vehicle manufacturers are increasingly intensifying their efforts towards e-mobility and environmental protection. Electrically-powered trucks and buses now feature ranges of 200 to 300 kilometres per battery charge. They can therefore already be used without any problems in urban delivery traffic and local public transport. Increasing numbers of transport companies and carriers are therefore switching to eco-friendly and efficient e-mobility. Vision 2030 is becoming a reality.

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degrees Celsius

is the critical point in global warming that makes global environmental disasters more likely.


 

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percent

is the specification for reduction of CO2 emissions in new trucks.


 

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percent

of buses newly acquired by public transport companies must be equipped with an electric drive from 2030.


 

E-mobility – what are the advantages?

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Emission-free, quiet, sustainable: commercial e-vehicles have the edge in terms of eco-friendliness and energy efficiency.

01

Fewer exhaust gases

Electric cars and commercial e-vehicles emit no local emissions, so they contribute to a reduction in the greenhouse effect and improvements in air quality. This benefits both the environment and human health.

02

Lower costs

The acquisition costs for e-trucks, e-buses and e-cars are admittedly higher than for traditional vehicles. They are cheaper to run, however, because electricity is cheaper than fossil fuels. The investment therefore pays off in the long term.

03

Greater efficiency

Over half the energy generated in combustion engines is lost as heat. Electric drives, on the other hand, convert around 90 percent of the supplied energy into motion. Electric vehicles can moreover recover energy through recuperation.

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Less noise

E-trucks, e-buses and e-cars drive almost silently. Traffic noise will be substantially reduced by e-mobility. This is a plus for our quality of life. E-vehicles do nevertheless produce artificial noises to ensure road safety.

05

Fewer repairs

Battery-powered vehicles require less maintenance and are less prone to breakdowns than petrol or diesel. They have fewer wear parts, such as timing belts or V-belts, and oil and filter changes are unnecessary. So they are simpler and cheaper to run.

Hotspot Europe: which country has the most e-vehicles on its roads?

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The market for e-vehicles is now growing faster in Europe than in China and the USA. Germany sold over 110,000 e-cars in 2019. This makes it the third largest market worldwide and the largest in Europe in absolute terms.

Graphic sales development of battery electric cars and plug-in hybrids

E-mobility – what alternatives are available?

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Automated driving, digital logistics, alternative drives: in addition to e-mobility, there are many other approaches to make passenger and distribution transport more eco-friendly and efficient. Practical examples based on MAN trucks and buses.